terça-feira, abril 26

The simple present tense is one of the most common tenses in English.

1. Forming the simple present tense

There are only two basic forms for the simple present tense; one ends with -s and the other doesn't. Here are the rules, using the example verb "sing":
SubjectVerb FormExample
Isimple formI sing
Yousimple formYou sing
Hesimple form + SHe sings
Shesimple form + SShe sings
Itsimple form + SIt sings
Wesimple formWe sing
Theysimple formThey sing
In other words, only THIRD PERSON SINGULAR subjects (he, she and it) have to have a verb with -S.

2. -s or -es ?

With most verbs, the third person singular form is created simply by adding -S
However, with some verbs, you need to add -ES or change the ending a little. 
Here are the rules:
Verb ending in...How to make the 3rd person singularExample
sAdd -ESHe passes
zAdd -ESShe waltzes
shAdd -ESShe wishes
chAdd -ESHe watches
xAdd -ESShe mixes
consonant + yChange Y to I, then add -ESIt flies
[anything else]Add -SHe sings
When you are sure that you understand the lesson, you can continue with the exercises.


Sem comentários:

Enviar um comentário